23 July 2019
Hundreds of Israeli troops with bulldozers tore down homes in the Palestinian village of Sur Baher despite local protests and international criticism.
Residents of the village's Wadi al-Hummus neighbourhood told local media on Monday that 16 residential buildings with about 100 apartments were being demolished.
"Preparations started past midnight as hundreds of armed Israeli occupying soldiers/ bulldozers stormed the town. Families threatened with demolitions were woken up/ moved out of their homes," said a tweet by the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO).
The Israeli military considers the homes, which are close to an Israeli separation wall that crisscrosses the occupied West Bank, a "security" risk.
The Israeli Supreme Court ruled in favour of the military last month, ending a seven-year legal battle, and set Monday as the deadline to knock down the homes. Palestinians say the demolitions set a precedent for other towns along the route of the barrier, which runs for hundreds of kilometres around and through the occupied West Bank.
Al Jazeera's Rob Matheson, reporting from the demolition area, said the Israeli action began at 7:15am local time (04:15 GMT).
"We heard very loud bangs coming from a building right next door to where we are now. It was from a large mechanical digger that was ripping off part of the roof of a building that was home up until this morning to two families," he said.
"The father of one of the families has been sitting on a chair in the street watching his home being torn apart."
The sprawling village of Sur Baher straddles the line between occupied East Jerusalem and the occupied West Bank. It was captured and occupied by Israel in the 1967 war.
Matheson said Israeli forces levelled a building in the West Bank and destroyed 50 percent of a home belonging to a Palestinian family of 10 on the East Jerusalem side.
"They took the family away - we heard screaming and shouting. And within two hours, 50 percent of the building has been destroyed."
The demolitions marked a "very sombre and sad day" for Palestinian residents, he said.
Israeli Internal Security Minister Gilad Erdan said the residents "are making their own law" by constructing these buildings.
"There are hundreds of illegal structures," he told Israel's Army Radio.
"To my regret there is no sufficient governance there. But it is not just that there are hundreds of structures there - several dozens of them sit almost on the route of the separation fence, endangering the security forces that operate there."
But Palestinians accused Israel of using security as a pretext to force them out of the area as part of long-term efforts to expand settlements. All settlements on occupied Palestinian lands are illegal under international law.
They also point out that most of the buildings in Wadi al-Hummus neighbourhood are meant to be under the Palestinian Authority and civilian control under the 1993 Oslo Accords.
"I built this house stone by stone. It was my dream to live in this house. Now I am losing everything," said Fadi al-Wahash, 37, his voice breaking as a bulldozer destroyed his unfinished three-floor house.
"I had a permit to build from the Palestinian Authority. I thought I was doing the right thing."
"What is happening today is a mass displacement of the people living in Wadi al-Hummus, despite the legal and diplomatic attempt to protect their property," Ali al-Obeidi, the chairman of the Wadi al-Hummus Committee told local Maan news agency.
'Culture of impunity'
Dalia Qumsieh, a lawyer from the Palestinian rights group Al Haq, told Al Jazeera that since the beginning of the Israeli occupation, the state has "always maintained these policies of the destruction of Palestinian property and homes throughout the occupied Palestinian territories and on both sides of the Green Line".
"The case of Sur Baher represents the physical translation of the culture of impunity that prevails," she said, speaking from the occupied West Bank city of Ramallah.
Qumsieh said the demolitions were part of "a multi-layered situation of mass human rights violations" that includes the unjustified military destruction of property, the forcible transfer of Palestinians, the separation wall itself, and finally, the violation of Palestinian sovereignty and the absolute right to self-determination.
Residents said they would be made homeless.
"When the house is demolished, we will be in the streets," Ismail Abadiyeh, 42, who lives in one of the buildings under threat with his family, including four children.
Palestinian officials say the threatened structures lie within areas they should control. The buildings were all originally given permits and authorisation by the Palestinian Authority, which administers that part of the neighbourhood.
But the Israeli Supreme Court said the structures violated a construction ban, adding buildings close to the barrier could provide cover for attackers.
'Hundreds of soldiers'
Israeli forces cut through the wire fence near the village early on Monday, allowing them easier access to the buildings. Floodlights lit up a partly constructed multi-storey building as dozens of vehicles brought helmeted police and soldiers into the area.
After first light, mechanical diggers began destroying a two-storey house as soldiers moved in. They were filmed and photographed by Palestinian, Israeli, and international activists who mobilised to try and stop the demolition.
"Since 2am they have been evacuating people from their homes by force and they have started planting explosives in the homes they want to destroy. There are hundreds of soldiers here," said Hamada Hamada, a community leader in one of the threatened areas.
The PLO issued a statement accusing the Israeli Supreme Court of aiming "to set a precedent to enable the Israeli occupying forces to demolish numerous Palestinian buildings located in close proximity" to the wall.
In a statement, the European Union said the structures were in areas under PA jurisdiction and Israel's demolition policy in occupied territory was illegal under international law.
"In line with the EU's long-standing position, we expect the Israeli authorities to immediately halt the ongoing demolitions," it said.
Erdan, Israel's internal security minister, accused the EU of buying into "the lies of the Palestinians". He tweeted that, under the Oslo accords, Israel has the right to act against illegal construction that presents a security threat.
France separately condemned the destruction saying it violated international law.
"These demolitions have taken place for the first time in an area controlled by the Palestinian Authority under the Oslo Accords. They represent a dangerous precedent, which poses a direct threat to the two-state solution," a statement from the French foreign ministry said.
Palestinian Prime Minister Mohammad Shtayyeh said the Palestinians would complain to the International Criminal Court.
"This is a continuation of the forced displacement of the people of Jerusalem from their homes and lands - a war crime and a crime against humanity," Shtayyeh said.
Israel credits the separation wall - projected to be 720km long when complete - with stemming Palestinian suicide bombings that peaked in 2002 and 2003.
Palestinians call it a land grab designed to annex parts of the West Bank, including Israeli settlements.